VMware

VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Exam

Exam Number: 2V0-621 Duration: 120 Minutes
Associated Certification: VCP6-DCV Number of Questions: 85
Exam Product: vSphere Version: 6 Passing Score: 300
Recommended Training: vSphere: Optimize and Scale [V6] Validated Against: vSphere 6
Exam Price: $250 USD, More on Pricing Exam Languages: English
First Available Appointment: August 30, 2015 Format: Single and Multiple Choice, Proctored
Exam Details Last Updated: 10 August 2016

This exam validates that you have the skills required to successfully install, deploy, scale and manage VMware vSphere 6 environments.



Exam Topics How to Prepare Additional Resources
+ Section 1: Configure and Administer vSphere 6.x Security
+ Objective 1.1: Configure and Administer Role-based Access Control
Knowledge
  • Compare and contrast propagated and explicit permission assignments
  • View/Sort/Export user and group lists
  • Add/Modify/Remove permissions for users and groups on vCenter Server inventory objects
  • Determine how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server
  • Create/Clone/Edit vCenter Server Roles
  • Configure VMware Directory Service
  • Apply a role to a User/Group and to an object or group of objects
  • Change permission validation settings
  • Determine the appropriate set of privileges for common tasks in vCenter Server
  • Compare and contrast default system/sample roles
  • Determine the correct permissions needed to integrate vCenter Server with other VMware products
Tools
+ Objective 1.2: Secure ESXi, vCenter Server, and vSphere Virtual Machines
Knowledge
  • Harden virtual machine access
    • Control VMware Tools installation
    • Control VM data access
    • Configure virtual machine security policies
  • Harden a virtual machine against Denial-of-Service attacks
    • Control VM-VM communications
    • Control VM device connections
    • Configure network security policies
  • Harden ESXi Hosts
    • Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall
    • Change default account access
    • Add an ESXi Host to a directory service
    • Apply permissions to ESXi Hosts using Host Profiles
    • Enable Lockdown Mode
    • Control access to hosts (DCUI/Shell/SSH/MOB)
  • Harden vCenter Server
    • Control datastore browser access
    • Create/Manage vCenter Server Security Certificates
    • Control MOB access
    • Change default account access
    • Restrict administrative privileges
  • Understand the implications of securing a vSphere environment
Tools
+ Objective 1.3: Enable SSO and Active Directory Integration
Knowledge
  • Describe SSO architecture and components
  • Differentiate available authentication methods with VMware vCenter
  • Perform a multi-site SSO installation
  • Configure/Manage Active Directory Authentication
  • Configure/Manage Platform Services Controller (PSC)
  • Configure/Manage VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA)
  • Enable/Disable Single Sign-On (SSO) Users
  • Upgrade a single/multi-site SSO installation
  • Configure SSO policies
  • Add/Edit/Remove SSO identity sources
  • Add an ESXi Host to an AD domain
Tools
+ Section 2: Configure and Administer Advanced vSphere 6.x Networking
+Objective 2.1: Configure Advanced Policies/Features and Verify Network Virtualization Implementation
Knowledge
  • Create/Delete a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Add/Remove ESXi Hosts from a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Add/Configure/Remove dvPort groups
  • Add/Remove uplink adapters to dvUplink groups
  • Configure vSphere Distributed Switch general and dvPort group settings
  • Create/Configure/Remove virtual adapters
  • Migrate virtual machines to/from a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Configure LACP on vDS given design parameters
  • Describe vDS Security Polices/Settings
  • Configure dvPort group blocking policies
  • Configure load balancing and failover policies
  • Configure VLAN/PVLAN settings for VMs given communication requirements
  • Configure traffic shaping policies
  • Enable TCP Segmentation Offload support for a virtual machine
  • Enable Jumbo Frames support on appropriate components
  • Recognize behavior of vDS Auto-Rollback
  • Configure vDS across multiple vCenter Servers to support [Long Distance vMotion]
  • Compare and contrast vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) capabilities
Tools
+Objective 2.2: Configure Network I/O Control (NIOC)
Knowledge
  • Define NIOC
  • Explain NIOC capabilities
  • Configure NIOC shares/limits based on VM requirements
  • Explain the behavior of a given NIOC setting
  • Determine Network I/O Control requirements
  • Differentiate Network I/O Control capabilities
  • Enable/Disable Network I/O Control
  • Monitor Network I/O Control
Tools
+ Section 3: Configure and Administer Advanced vSphere 6.x Storage
+ Objective 3.1: Manage vSphere Storage Virtualization
Knowledge
  • Discover new storage LUNs
  • Configure FC/iSCSI/FCoE LUNs as ESXi boot devices
  • Create an NFS share for use with vSphere
  • Enable/Configure/Disable vCenter Server storage filters
  • Configure/Edit hardware/dependent hardware initiators
  • Enable/Disable software iSCSI initiator
  • Configure/Edit software iSCSI initiator settings
  • Configure iSCSI port binding
  • Enable/Configure/Disable iSCSI CHAP
  • Determine use cases for fiber channel zoning
  • Compare and contrast array thin provisioning and virtual disk thin provisioning
Tools
+ Objective 3.2: Configure Software-defined Storage
Knowledge
  • Explain VSAN and VVOL architectural components
  • Determine the role of storage providers in VSAN
  • Determine the role of storage providers in VVOLs
  • Explain VSAN failure domains functionality
  • Configure/Manage VMware Virtual SAN
  • Create/Modify VMware Virtual Volumes (VVOLs)
  • Configure Storage Policies
  • Enable/Disable Virtual SAN Fault Domains
  • Create Virtual Volumes given the workload and availability requirements
  • Collect VSAN Observer output
  • Create storage policies appropriate for given workloads and availability requirements
  • Configure VVOLs Protocol Endpoints
Tools
+ Objective 3.3: Configure vSphere Storage Multi-pathing and Failover
Knowledge
  • Explain common multi-pathing components
  • Differentiate APD and PDL states
  • Given a scenario, compare and contrast Active Optimized vs. Active non-Optimized port group states
  • Explain features of Pluggable Storage Architecture (PSA)
  • Understand the effects of a given claim rule on multipathing and failover
  • Explain the function of claim rule elements:
    • Vendor
    • Model
    • Device ID
    • SATP
    • PSP
  • Change the Path Selection Policy using the UI
  • Determine required claim rule elements to change the default PSP
  • Determine the effect of changing PSP on Multipathing and failover
  • Determine the effects of changing SATP on relevant device behavior
  • Configure/Manage Storage Load Balancing
  • Differentiate available Storage Load Balancing options
  • Differentiate available Storage Multi-pathing Policies
  • Configure Storage Policies
  • Locate failover events in the UI
Tools
+ Objective 3.4: Perform Advanced VMFS and NFS Configurations and Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Describe VAAI primitives for block devices and NAS
  • Differentiate VMware file system technologies
  • Upgrade VMFS3 to VMFS5
  • Compare functionality of newly created vs. upgraded VMFS5 datastores
  • Differentiate Physical Mode RDMs and Virtual Mode RDMs
  • Create a Virtual/Physical Mode RDM
  • Differentiate NFS 3.x and 4.1 capabilities
  • Compare and contrast VMFS and NFS datastore properties
  • Configure Bus Sharing
  • Configure Multi-writer locking
  • Connect an NFS 4.1 datastore using Kerberos
  • Create/Rename/Delete/Unmount VMFS datastores
  • Mount/Unmount an NFS datastore
  • Extend/Expand VMFS datastores
  • Place a VMFS datastore in Maintenance Mode
  • Select the Preferred Path/Disable a Path to a VMFS datastore
  • Enable/Disable vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI)
  • Given a scenario, determine a proper use case for multiple VMFS/NFS datastores
Tools
+ Objective 3.5: Setup and Configure Storage I/O Control
Knowledge
  • Describe the benefits of SIOC
  • Enable and configure SIOC
  • Configure/Manage SIOC
  • Monitor SIOC
  • Differentiate between SIOC and Dynamic Queue Depth Throttling features
  • Given a scenario, determine a proper use case for SIOC
  • Compare and contrast the effects of I/O contention in environments with and without SIOC
Tools
+ Section 4: Upgrade a vSphere Deployment to 6.x
+ Objective 4.1: Perform ESXi Host and Virtual Machine Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Configure download source(s)
  • Setup UMDS to setup download repository
  • Import ESXi images
  • Create Baselines and/or Baseline groups
  • Attach Baselines to vSphere objects
  • Scan vSphere objects
  • Stage patches & Extensions
  • Remediate an object
  • Upgrade a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Upgrade VMware Tools
  • Upgrade Virtual Machine hardware
  • Upgrade an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager
  • Stage multiple ESXi Host upgrades
  • Align appropriate baselines with target inventory objects.
Tools
+ Objective 4.2: Perform vCenter Server Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Compare the methods of upgrading vCenter Server
  • Backup vCenter Server database, configuration and certificate datastore
  • Perform update as prescribed for Appliance or Installable
  • Upgrade vCenter Server Appliance (vCSA)
  • Given a scenario, determine the upgrade compatibility of an environment
  • Determine correct order of steps to upgrade a vSphere implementation
Tools
+ Section 5: Administer and Manage vSphere 6.x Resources
+ Objective 5.1: Configure Advanced/Multilevel Resource Pools
Knowledge
  • Determine the effect of the Expandable Reservation parameter on resource allocation
  • Create a resource pool hierarchical structure
  • Configure custom resource pool attributes
  • Determine how resource pools apply to vApps
  • Describe vFlash architecture
  • Create/Remove a Resource Pool
  • Add/Remove virtual machines from a Resource Pool
  • Create/Delete vFlash Resource Pool
  • Assign vFlash resources to VMDKs
  • Given a scenario, determine appropriate shares, reservations and limits for hierarchical Resource Pools
Tools
+ Section 6: Backup and Recover a vSphere Deployment
+ Objective 6.1: Configure and Administer a vSphere Backups/Restore/Replication Solution
Knowledge
  • Compare and contrast vSphere Replication compression methods
  • Differentiate VMware Data Protection capabilities
  • Configure recovery point objective (RPO) for a protected virtual machine
  • Explain VMware Data Protection sizing guidelines
  • Create/Delete/Consolidate virtual machine snapshots
  • Install and Configure VMware Data Protection
  • Create a backup job with VMware Data Protection
  • Backup/Restore a virtual machine with VMware Data Protection
  • Install/Configure/Upgrade vSphere Replication
  • Configure VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA) integration with vSphere Replication
  • Configure vSphere Replication for Single/Multiple VMs
  • Recover a VM using vSphere Replication
  • Perform a failback operation using vSphere Replication
  • Deploy a pair of vSphere Replication virtual appliances
Tools
+ Section 7: Troubleshoot a vSphere Deployment
+ Objective 7.1: Troubleshoot vCenter Server, ESXi Hosts, and Virtual Machines
Knowledge
  • Monitor status of the vCenter Server service
  • Perform basic maintenance of a vCenter Server database
  • Monitor status of ESXi management agents
  • Determine ESXi Host stability issues and gather diagnostics information
  • Monitor ESXi system health
  • Locate and analyze vCenter Server and ESXi logs
  • Determine the appropriate Command Line Interface (CLI) command for a given troubleshooting task
  • Troubleshoot common issues, including:
    • vCenter Server service
    • SSO
    • vCenter Server connectivity
    • Virtual machine resource contention, configuration and operation
    • Platform Services Controller (PSC)
    • Problems with installation
    • VMware Tools installation
    • Fault Tolerant network latency
Tools
+ Objective 7.2: Troubleshoot vSphere Storage and Network Issues
Knowledge
  • Identify and isolate network and storage resource contention and latency issues
  • Monitor networking and storage resources using vROps alerts and all badges
  • Verify network and storage configuration
  • Verify a given virtual machine is configured with the correct network resources
  • Monitor/Troubleshoot Storage Distributed Resource Scheduler (SDRS) issues
  • Recognize the impact of network and storage I/O control configurations
  • Recognize a connectivity issue caused by a VLAN/PVLAN
  • Troubleshoot common issues with:
    • Storage and network
    • Virtual switch and port group configuration
    • Physical network adapter configuration
    • VMFS metadata consistency
Tools
+ Objective 7.3: Troubleshoot vSphere Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Collect upgrade diagnostic information
  • Recognize common upgrade issues with vCenter Server and vCenter Server Appliance
  • Create/Locate/Analyze VMware log bundles
  • Determine alternative methods to upgrade ESXi Hosts in event of failure
  • Configure vCenter Server logging options
Tools
+ Objective 7.4: Troubleshoot and Monitor vSphere Performance
Knowledge
  • Monitor CPU and memory usage (including vRealize OM badges and alerts)
  • Identify and isolate CPU and memory contention issues
  • Recognize impact of using CPU/memory limits, reservations and shares
  • Describe and differentiate critical performance metrics
  • Describe and differentiate common metrics, including:
    • Memory
    • CPU
    • Network
    • Storage
  • Monitor performance through esxtop
  • Troubleshoot Enhanced vMotion Compatibility (EVC) issues
  • Troubleshoot virtual machine performance with vRealize Operations
  • Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts
Tools
+ Objective 7.5: Troubleshoot HA and DRS Configurations and Fault Tolerance
Knowledge
  • Troubleshoot issues with:
    • DRS workload balancing
    • HA failover/redundancy, capacity and network configuration
    • HA/DRS cluster configuration
    • vMotion/Storage vMotion configuration and/or migration
    • Fault Tolerance configuration and failover issues
  • Explain the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
  • Explain vMotion Resource Maps
Tools
+ Section 8: Deploy and Consolidate vSphere Data Center
+ Objective 8.1: Deploy ESXi Hosts Using Autodeploy
Knowledge
  • Describe the components and architecture of an Auto Deploy environment
  • Use Auto Deploy Image Builder and PowerCLI scripts
  • Implement Host Profiles with an Auto Deploy of an ESXi Host
  • Install and configure Auto Deploy
  • Understand PowerCLI cmdlets for Auto Deploy
  • Deploy multiple ESXi Hosts using Auto Deploy
  • Given a scenario, explain the Auto Deploy deployment model needed to meet a business requirement
Tools
+ Objective 8.2: Customize Host Profile Settings
Knowledge
  • Edit answer file to customize ESXi Host settings
  • Modify and apply a storage path selection plugin (PSP) to a device using host profiles
  • Modify and apply switch configurations across multiple hosts using a Host Profile
  • Create/Edit/Remove a Host Profile from an ESXi Host
  • Import/Export a Host Profile
  • Attach and apply a Host Profile to ESXi Hosts in a cluster
  • Perform compliance scanning and remediation of an ESXi Hosts and clusters using Host Profiles
  • Enable or disable Host Profile components
Tools
+ Objective 8.3: Consolidate Physical Workloads using VMware Converter
Knowledge
  • Install vCenter Converter standalone instance
  • Convert physical workloads using vCenter Converter
  • Modify server resources during conversion
  • Interpret and correct errors during conversion
  • Deploy a physical host as a virtual machine using vCenter Converter
  • Collect diagnostic information during conversion operation
  • Resize partitions during the conversion process
  • Given a scenario, determine which virtual disk format to use
Tools
+ Section 9: Configure and Administer vSphere Availability Solutions
+ Objective 9.1: Configure Advanced vSphere HA Features
Knowledge
  • Modify vSphere HA advanced cluster settings
  • Configure a network for use with HA heartbeats
  • Apply an admission control policy for HA
  • Enable/disable advanced vSphere HA settings
  • Configure different heartbeat datastores for an HA cluster
  • Apply virtual machine monitoring for a cluster
  • Configure Virtual Machine Component Protection (VMCP) settings
  • Implement vSphere HA on a Virtual SAN cluster
  • Explain how vSphere HA communicates with Distributed Resource Scheduler and Distributed Power Management
Tools
+ Objective 9.2: Configure Advanced vSphere DRS Features
Knowledge
  • Configure VM-Host affinity/anti-affinity rules
  • Configure VM-VM affinity/anti-affinity rules
  • Add/remove Host DRS Group
  • Add/remove virtual machine DRS Group
  • Enable/disable Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) affinity rules
  • Configure the proper Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) automation level based on a set of business requirements
  • Explain how DRS affinity rules effect virtual machine placement
Tools
+ Section 10: Administer and Manage vSphere Virtual Machines
+ Objective 10.1: Configure Advanced vSphere Virtual Machine Settings
Knowledge
  • Determine how using a shared USB device impacts the environment
  • Configure virtual machines for vGPUs, DirectPath I/O and SR-IOV
  • Configure virtual machines for multicore vCPUs
  • Differentiate virtual machine configuration settings
  • Interpret virtual machine configuration files (.vmx) settings
  • Enable/disable advanced virtual machine settings
Tools
+ Objective 10.2: Create and Manage a Multi-site Content Library
Knowledge
  • Publish a content catalog
  • Subscribe to a published catalog
  • Determine which privileges are required to globally manage a content catalog
  • Compare the functionality of Automatic sync and On-Demand sync
  • Configure Content Library to work across sites
  • Configure Content Library authentication
  • Set/configure Content Library roles
  • Add/remove Content Libraries
Tools
+ Objective 10.3: Configure and Maintain a vCloud Air Connection
Knowledge
  • Create a VPN connection between vCloud Air and an on-premise site
  • Deploy a virtual machine using vCloud Air
  • Migrate a virtual machine to vCloud Air
  • Verify VPN connection configuration to vCloud Air
  • Configure vCenter Server connection to vCloud Air
  • Configure replicated objects in vCloud Air Disaster Recovery service
  • Given a scenario, determine the required settings for virtual machines deployed in vCloud Air
Tools
+ Exam Contributors
Mostafa Khalil
Garth Miller
Damian Wraa
Linus Bourque
Jonathan McDonald
Jeff Weiss
Vivian Li
Lizann Dunegan
Rob Philp
Joe Desmond
Andrew Ellwood
Arantxa Duque Barrachina
Carla Gavalakis