VMware

VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Exam

Exam Number: 2V0-621 Duration: 120 Minutes
Associated Certification: VCP6-DCV Number of Questions: 85
Exam Product: vSphere Version: 6 Passing Score: 300
Recommended Training: vSphere: Optimize and Scale [V6] Validated Against: vSphere 6
Exam Price: $225 USD, More on Pricing
Exam prices change on 1 April 2017. Learn More
Exam Languages: English
First Available Appointment: August 30, 2015 Format: Single and Multiple Choice, Proctored
Exam Details Last Updated: 10 August 2016

This exam validates that you have the skills required to successfully install, deploy, scale and manage VMware vSphere 6 environments.



Exam Topics How to Prepare Additional Resources
+ Section 1: Configure and Administer vSphere 6.x Security
+ Objective 1.1: Configure and Administer Role-based Access Control
Knowledge
  • Compare and contrast propagated and explicit permission assignments
  • View/Sort/Export user and group lists
  • Add/Modify/Remove permissions for users and groups on vCenter Server inventory objects
  • Determine how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server
  • Create/Clone/Edit vCenter Server Roles
  • Configure VMware Directory Service
  • Apply a role to a User/Group and to an object or group of objects
  • Change permission validation settings
  • Determine the appropriate set of privileges for common tasks in vCenter Server
  • Compare and contrast default system/sample roles
  • Determine the correct permissions needed to integrate vCenter Server with other VMware products
Tools
+ Objective 1.2: Secure ESXi, vCenter Server, and vSphere Virtual Machines
Knowledge
  • Harden virtual machine access
    • Control VMware Tools installation
    • Control VM data access
    • Configure virtual machine security policies
  • Harden a virtual machine against Denial-of-Service attacks
    • Control VM-VM communications
    • Control VM device connections
    • Configure network security policies
  • Harden ESXi Hosts
    • Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall
    • Change default account access
    • Add an ESXi Host to a directory service
    • Apply permissions to ESXi Hosts using Host Profiles
    • Enable Lockdown Mode
    • Control access to hosts (DCUI/Shell/SSH/MOB)
  • Harden vCenter Server
    • Control datastore browser access
    • Create/Manage vCenter Server Security Certificates
    • Control MOB access
    • Change default account access
    • Restrict administrative privileges
  • Understand the implications of securing a vSphere environment
Tools
+ Objective 1.3: Enable SSO and Active Directory Integration
Knowledge
  • Describe SSO architecture and components
  • Differentiate available authentication methods with VMware vCenter
  • Perform a multi-site SSO installation
  • Configure/Manage Active Directory Authentication
  • Configure/Manage Platform Services Controller (PSC)
  • Configure/Manage VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA)
  • Enable/Disable Single Sign-On (SSO) Users
  • Upgrade a single/multi-site SSO installation
  • Configure SSO policies
  • Add/Edit/Remove SSO identity sources
  • Add an ESXi Host to an AD domain
Tools
+ Section 2: Configure and Administer Advanced vSphere 6.x Networking
+Objective 2.1: Configure Advanced Policies/Features and Verify Network Virtualization Implementation
Knowledge
  • Create/Delete a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Add/Remove ESXi Hosts from a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Add/Configure/Remove dvPort groups
  • Add/Remove uplink adapters to dvUplink groups
  • Configure vSphere Distributed Switch general and dvPort group settings
  • Create/Configure/Remove virtual adapters
  • Migrate virtual machines to/from a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Configure LACP on vDS given design parameters
  • Describe vDS Security Polices/Settings
  • Configure dvPort group blocking policies
  • Configure load balancing and failover policies
  • Configure VLAN/PVLAN settings for VMs given communication requirements
  • Configure traffic shaping policies
  • Enable TCP Segmentation Offload support for a virtual machine
  • Enable Jumbo Frames support on appropriate components
  • Recognize behavior of vDS Auto-Rollback
  • Configure vDS across multiple vCenter Servers to support [Long Distance vMotion]
  • Compare and contrast vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) capabilities
Tools
+Objective 2.2: Configure Network I/O Control (NIOC)
Knowledge
  • Define NIOC
  • Explain NIOC capabilities
  • Configure NIOC shares/limits based on VM requirements
  • Explain the behavior of a given NIOC setting
  • Determine Network I/O Control requirements
  • Differentiate Network I/O Control capabilities
  • Enable/Disable Network I/O Control
  • Monitor Network I/O Control
Tools
+ Section 3: Configure and Administer Advanced vSphere 6.x Storage
+ Objective 3.1: Manage vSphere Storage Virtualization
Knowledge
  • Discover new storage LUNs
  • Configure FC/iSCSI/FCoE LUNs as ESXi boot devices
  • Create an NFS share for use with vSphere
  • Enable/Configure/Disable vCenter Server storage filters
  • Configure/Edit hardware/dependent hardware initiators
  • Enable/Disable software iSCSI initiator
  • Configure/Edit software iSCSI initiator settings
  • Configure iSCSI port binding
  • Enable/Configure/Disable iSCSI CHAP
  • Determine use cases for fiber channel zoning
  • Compare and contrast array thin provisioning and virtual disk thin provisioning
Tools
+ Objective 3.2: Configure Software-defined Storage
Knowledge
  • Explain VSAN and VVOL architectural components
  • Determine the role of storage providers in VSAN
  • Determine the role of storage providers in VVOLs
  • Explain VSAN failure domains functionality
  • Configure/Manage VMware Virtual SAN
  • Create/Modify VMware Virtual Volumes (VVOLs)
  • Configure Storage Policies
  • Enable/Disable Virtual SAN Fault Domains
  • Create Virtual Volumes given the workload and availability requirements
  • Collect VSAN Observer output
  • Create storage policies appropriate for given workloads and availability requirements
  • Configure VVOLs Protocol Endpoints
Tools
+ Objective 3.3: Configure vSphere Storage Multi-pathing and Failover
Knowledge
  • Explain common multi-pathing components
  • Differentiate APD and PDL states
  • Given a scenario, compare and contrast Active Optimized vs. Active non-Optimized port group states
  • Explain features of Pluggable Storage Architecture (PSA)
  • Understand the effects of a given claim rule on multipathing and failover
  • Explain the function of claim rule elements:
    • Vendor
    • Model
    • Device ID
    • SATP
    • PSP
  • Change the Path Selection Policy using the UI
  • Determine required claim rule elements to change the default PSP
  • Determine the effect of changing PSP on Multipathing and failover
  • Determine the effects of changing SATP on relevant device behavior
  • Configure/Manage Storage Load Balancing
  • Differentiate available Storage Load Balancing options
  • Differentiate available Storage Multi-pathing Policies
  • Configure Storage Policies
  • Locate failover events in the UI
Tools
+ Objective 3.4: Perform Advanced VMFS and NFS Configurations and Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Describe VAAI primitives for block devices and NAS
  • Differentiate VMware file system technologies
  • Upgrade VMFS3 to VMFS5
  • Compare functionality of newly created vs. upgraded VMFS5 datastores
  • Differentiate Physical Mode RDMs and Virtual Mode RDMs
  • Create a Virtual/Physical Mode RDM
  • Differentiate NFS 3.x and 4.1 capabilities
  • Compare and contrast VMFS and NFS datastore properties
  • Configure Bus Sharing
  • Configure Multi-writer locking
  • Connect an NFS 4.1 datastore using Kerberos
  • Create/Rename/Delete/Unmount VMFS datastores
  • Mount/Unmount an NFS datastore
  • Extend/Expand VMFS datastores
  • Place a VMFS datastore in Maintenance Mode
  • Select the Preferred Path/Disable a Path to a VMFS datastore
  • Enable/Disable vStorage API for Array Integration (VAAI)
  • Given a scenario, determine a proper use case for multiple VMFS/NFS datastores
Tools
+ Objective 3.5: Setup and Configure Storage I/O Control
Knowledge
  • Describe the benefits of SIOC
  • Enable and configure SIOC
  • Configure/Manage SIOC
  • Monitor SIOC
  • Differentiate between SIOC and Dynamic Queue Depth Throttling features
  • Given a scenario, determine a proper use case for SIOC
  • Compare and contrast the effects of I/O contention in environments with and without SIOC
Tools
+ Section 4: Upgrade a vSphere Deployment to 6.x
+ Objective 4.1: Perform ESXi Host and Virtual Machine Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Configure download source(s)
  • Setup UMDS to setup download repository
  • Import ESXi images
  • Create Baselines and/or Baseline groups
  • Attach Baselines to vSphere objects
  • Scan vSphere objects
  • Stage patches & Extensions
  • Remediate an object
  • Upgrade a vSphere Distributed Switch
  • Upgrade VMware Tools
  • Upgrade Virtual Machine hardware
  • Upgrade an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager
  • Stage multiple ESXi Host upgrades
  • Align appropriate baselines with target inventory objects.
Tools
+ Objective 4.2: Perform vCenter Server Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Compare the methods of upgrading vCenter Server
  • Backup vCenter Server database, configuration and certificate datastore
  • Perform update as prescribed for Appliance or Installable
  • Upgrade vCenter Server Appliance (vCSA)
  • Given a scenario, determine the upgrade compatibility of an environment
  • Determine correct order of steps to upgrade a vSphere implementation
Tools
+ Section 5: Administer and Manage vSphere 6.x Resources
+ Objective 5.1: Configure Advanced/Multilevel Resource Pools
Knowledge
  • Determine the effect of the Expandable Reservation parameter on resource allocation
  • Create a resource pool hierarchical structure
  • Configure custom resource pool attributes
  • Determine how resource pools apply to vApps
  • Describe vFlash architecture
  • Create/Remove a Resource Pool
  • Add/Remove virtual machines from a Resource Pool
  • Create/Delete vFlash Resource Pool
  • Assign vFlash resources to VMDKs
  • Given a scenario, determine appropriate shares, reservations and limits for hierarchical Resource Pools
Tools
+ Section 6: Backup and Recover a vSphere Deployment
+ Objective 6.1: Configure and Administer a vSphere Backups/Restore/Replication Solution
Knowledge
  • Compare and contrast vSphere Replication compression methods
  • Differentiate VMware Data Protection capabilities
  • Configure recovery point objective (RPO) for a protected virtual machine
  • Explain VMware Data Protection sizing guidelines
  • Create/Delete/Consolidate virtual machine snapshots
  • Install and Configure VMware Data Protection
  • Create a backup job with VMware Data Protection
  • Backup/Restore a virtual machine with VMware Data Protection
  • Install/Configure/Upgrade vSphere Replication
  • Configure VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA) integration with vSphere Replication
  • Configure vSphere Replication for Single/Multiple VMs
  • Recover a VM using vSphere Replication
  • Perform a failback operation using vSphere Replication
  • Deploy a pair of vSphere Replication virtual appliances
Tools
+ Section 7: Troubleshoot a vSphere Deployment
+ Objective 7.1: Troubleshoot vCenter Server, ESXi Hosts, and Virtual Machines
Knowledge
  • Monitor status of the vCenter Server service
  • Perform basic maintenance of a vCenter Server database
  • Monitor status of ESXi management agents
  • Determine ESXi Host stability issues and gather diagnostics information
  • Monitor ESXi system health
  • Locate and analyze vCenter Server and ESXi logs
  • Determine the appropriate Command Line Interface (CLI) command for a given troubleshooting task
  • Troubleshoot common issues, including:
    • vCenter Server service
    • SSO
    • vCenter Server connectivity
    • Virtual machine resource contention, configuration and operation
    • Platform Services Controller (PSC)
    • Problems with installation
    • VMware Tools installation
    • Fault Tolerant network latency
Tools
+ Objective 7.2: Troubleshoot vSphere Storage and Network Issues
Knowledge
  • Identify and isolate network and storage resource contention and latency issues
  • Monitor networking and storage resources using vROps alerts and all badges
  • Verify network and storage configuration
  • Verify a given virtual machine is configured with the correct network resources
  • Monitor/Troubleshoot Storage Distributed Resource Scheduler (SDRS) issues
  • Recognize the impact of network and storage I/O control configurations
  • Recognize a connectivity issue caused by a VLAN/PVLAN
  • Troubleshoot common issues with:
    • Storage and network
    • Virtual switch and port group configuration
    • Physical network adapter configuration
    • VMFS metadata consistency
Tools
+ Objective 7.3: Troubleshoot vSphere Upgrades
Knowledge
  • Collect upgrade diagnostic information
  • Recognize common upgrade issues with vCenter Server and vCenter Server Appliance
  • Create/Locate/Analyze VMware log bundles
  • Determine alternative methods to upgrade ESXi Hosts in event of failure
  • Configure vCenter Server logging options
Tools
+ Objective 7.4: Troubleshoot and Monitor vSphere Performance
Knowledge
  • Monitor CPU and memory usage (including vRealize OM badges and alerts)
  • Identify and isolate CPU and memory contention issues
  • Recognize impact of using CPU/memory limits, reservations and shares
  • Describe and differentiate critical performance metrics
  • Describe and differentiate common metrics, including:
    • Memory
    • CPU
    • Network
    • Storage
  • Monitor performance through esxtop
  • Troubleshoot Enhanced vMotion Compatibility (EVC) issues
  • Troubleshoot virtual machine performance with vRealize Operations
  • Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts
Tools
+ Objective 7.5: Troubleshoot HA and DRS Configurations and Fault Tolerance
Knowledge
  • Troubleshoot issues with:
    • DRS workload balancing
    • HA failover/redundancy, capacity and network configuration
    • HA/DRS cluster configuration
    • vMotion/Storage vMotion configuration and/or migration
    • Fault Tolerance configuration and failover issues
  • Explain the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
  • Explain vMotion Resource Maps
Tools
+ Section 8: Deploy and Consolidate vSphere Data Center
+ Objective 8.1: Deploy ESXi Hosts Using Autodeploy
Knowledge
  • Describe the components and architecture of an Auto Deploy environment
  • Use Auto Deploy Image Builder and PowerCLI scripts
  • Implement Host Profiles with an Auto Deploy of an ESXi Host
  • Install and configure Auto Deploy
  • Understand PowerCLI cmdlets for Auto Deploy
  • Deploy multiple ESXi Hosts using Auto Deploy
  • Given a scenario, explain the Auto Deploy deployment model needed to meet a business requirement
Tools
+ Objective 8.2: Customize Host Profile Settings
Knowledge
  • Edit answer file to customize ESXi Host settings
  • Modify and apply a storage path selection plugin (PSP) to a device using host profiles
  • Modify and apply switch configurations across multiple hosts using a Host Profile
  • Create/Edit/Remove a Host Profile from an ESXi Host
  • Import/Export a Host Profile
  • Attach and apply a Host Profile to ESXi Hosts in a cluster
  • Perform compliance scanning and remediation of an ESXi Hosts and clusters using Host Profiles
  • Enable or disable Host Profile components
Tools
+ Objective 8.3: Consolidate Physical Workloads using VMware Converter
Knowledge
  • Install vCenter Converter standalone instance
  • Convert physical workloads using vCenter Converter
  • Modify server resources during conversion
  • Interpret and correct errors during conversion
  • Deploy a physical host as a virtual machine using vCenter Converter
  • Collect diagnostic information during conversion operation
  • Resize partitions during the conversion process
  • Given a scenario, determine which virtual disk format to use
Tools
+ Section 9: Configure and Administer vSphere Availability Solutions
+ Objective 9.1: Configure Advanced vSphere HA Features
Knowledge
  • Modify vSphere HA advanced cluster settings
  • Configure a network for use with HA heartbeats
  • Apply an admission control policy for HA
  • Enable/disable advanced vSphere HA settings
  • Configure different heartbeat datastores for an HA cluster
  • Apply virtual machine monitoring for a cluster
  • Configure Virtual Machine Component Protection (VMCP) settings
  • Implement vSphere HA on a Virtual SAN cluster
  • Explain how vSphere HA communicates with Distributed Resource Scheduler and Distributed Power Management
Tools
+ Objective 9.2: Configure Advanced vSphere DRS Features
Knowledge
  • Configure VM-Host affinity/anti-affinity rules
  • Configure VM-VM affinity/anti-affinity rules
  • Add/remove Host DRS Group
  • Add/remove virtual machine DRS Group
  • Enable/disable Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) affinity rules
  • Configure the proper Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) automation level based on a set of business requirements
  • Explain how DRS affinity rules effect virtual machine placement
Tools
+ Section 10: Administer and Manage vSphere Virtual Machines
+ Objective 10.1: Configure Advanced vSphere Virtual Machine Settings
Knowledge
  • Determine how using a shared USB device impacts the environment
  • Configure virtual machines for vGPUs, DirectPath I/O and SR-IOV
  • Configure virtual machines for multicore vCPUs
  • Differentiate virtual machine configuration settings
  • Interpret virtual machine configuration files (.vmx) settings
  • Enable/disable advanced virtual machine settings
Tools
+ Objective 10.2: Create and Manage a Multi-site Content Library
Knowledge
  • Publish a content catalog
  • Subscribe to a published catalog
  • Determine which privileges are required to globally manage a content catalog
  • Compare the functionality of Automatic sync and On-Demand sync
  • Configure Content Library to work across sites
  • Configure Content Library authentication
  • Set/configure Content Library roles
  • Add/remove Content Libraries
Tools
+ Objective 10.3: Configure and Maintain a vCloud Air Connection
Knowledge
  • Create a VPN connection between vCloud Air and an on-premise site
  • Deploy a virtual machine using vCloud Air
  • Migrate a virtual machine to vCloud Air
  • Verify VPN connection configuration to vCloud Air
  • Configure vCenter Server connection to vCloud Air
  • Configure replicated objects in vCloud Air Disaster Recovery service
  • Given a scenario, determine the required settings for virtual machines deployed in vCloud Air
Tools
+ Exam Contributors
Mostafa Khalil
Garth Miller
Damian Wraa
Linus Bourque
Jonathan McDonald
Jeff Weiss
Vivian Li
Lizann Dunegan
Rob Philp
Joe Desmond
Andrew Ellwood
Arantxa Duque Barrachina
Carla Gavalakis

 


Recertification Questions?
Read the policy.

Ready to register for your exam?
See how to register.

Multiple accounts?
Learn how to merge them.

Interested in beta exams?
Learn more.

Other Questions?
Read our complete FAQ.

Contact Us

Certified Professional Portals
exam prep
VMware Community